• Project: DOMINOES Digital cOMpetences INformatiOn EcoSystem
  • ID: 2021-1-RO01-KA220-HED-000031158
  • Implementation period: February 1st, 2022 – January 31st, 2024

    Press  release

  • CRESCEnt - Mind the gap in media CoveRagE and Strategic communication in CasE of security Threats

    Ongoing project

    Strategic partnership project within ERASMUS+ Program

    AGREEMENT No. – 2018-1-RO01-KA202-049449

    Implementation period: October 1st, 2018 – September 30th, 2020

    Participating organizations:

    • “Mihai Viteazul” National Intelligence Academy (MVNIA) – Romania
    • University “Rey Juan Carlos” (URJC) – Spain
    • Kentro Meleton Asfaleias (KEMEA), Center For Security Studies – Greece
    • Ministry of Internal Affairs, Directorate for Information and Public Relations (MAI-DIRP) – Romania

    Project abstract

    CRESCEnt creates a training platform and a set of communication and cross-sectorial strategic communication instruments, which aim to capacitate institutional spokespersons and journalists from security and LEA fields, in order to use media reporting to the public in a conscious and ethical manner.

    Here can be found more details.

    Press release

    Press  release

    Eusegov - Jean Monnet

    Ongoing project


    Jean Monnet Module – “A common understanding of EU Security Governance. Teaching and researching the EU security policies and institutions for a better academic and professional approach in security and intelligence field” – EUSEGOV

    Ongoing Project: October 21st, 2020 – October 20th, 2023

    Institution: „Mihai Viteazul” National Intelligence Academy, Romania

    Module leader: Professor Adrian-Liviu Ivan, PhD (CV)

    Project team:

    Professor Ioan Petru Deac, PhD

    Professor Irena Chiru, PhD

    Lecturer Claudia Iov, PhD

    Senior Researcher Mihaela Teodor, PhD

    Expert Marilena Jeana Câmpineanu, PhD

    Researcher Ileana Cinziana Surdu, PhD

    What is a Jean Monnet Module?

    A Jean Monnet Module is a short teaching programme (or course) in the field of European Union studies at a higher education institution. The aim of the modules is to promote research and teaching experience among young researchers, scholars and practitioners in EU issues, foster the publication and dissemination of academic research, create interest in the EU, foster the introduction of an EU angle mainly into non EU related studies and deliver tailor – made courses on specific EU issues relevant for graduates in their professional life.


    MVNIA proposes the EUSEGOV module that will ensure the increase of the knowledge level on governance processes and their relation with the EU security, a topic that is quite actual and has a complex significance within the context of the challenges from the European and international security environment.


    The EUSEGOV Jean Monnet Module aims  to stimulate high quality teaching, research and reflection activities in the field of European studies, through three main pillars:

    • Interdisciplinary approach,
    • Openness towards the civil society, and
    • Innovative teaching methodologies.


    The participants are master and doctoral students, from MVNIA and other Romanian military and civil universities (at least three), representatives of the civil society affected by or interested in the topics discussed in the field of communication and security governance in the European Union.


    The compulsory course Introduction to EU Security and Governance (in Romanian Securitate si Guvernare în Uniunea Europeană) is designed to answer the specific needs of the participants: 80 students for every year of the project from the three master programs IRIS, MNSI, and IMCT.

    Curricula here

    The course specifically approaches the European security gove rnance from various angles (communication studies, security studies and international relations, political studies), encouraging students to gain a comprehensive and critical view on the dynamics in specific security policy -area. EU visibility will increase among the target groups: MA students and PhD candidates, all being representatives of civil society.

    The optional PhD summer course Strategic communication in EU Security Governance (in Romanian Comunicare Strategică, Guvernanță si Securitate în Uniunea Europeană) is designed to answer the specific needs of the participants: 30 PhD students for every year of the project from at least three other Doctoral Schools within military and civil Romanian Universities.


    The 16 hours summer course  aims to familiarize PhD students with the main trends  and  approaches  in  the  fields  of  strategic  communication  and  security governance in the European Union by training them in using both the specialized language  and  methodology  specific  to  subjects  that  pertain  to  the  area  of international relations, political sciences, as well as security studies.

    The teaching activities are coordinated by the teaching staff and supported by invited experts from Romanian and European academic Institutions.



    The EUSEGOV module proposes research activities on  Strategic communication in EU Security Governance provided by senior and young researchers from MVNIA and UBB Cluj-Napoca: PhD Marilena Jeana Câmpineanu; Lecturer Claudia Iov; PhD Ilean a Surdu; Senior Researcher Mihaela Teodor, PhD. (link)

    The final research report will contain an extensive analysis of three aspects:

    • Strategic communication in EU – practices and official documents;
    • EU Security strategic communication institutions;
    • EU Security Governance future: alternative scenarios.

    For the research component it will be used t he text analysis and the alternative scenarios method. The method supports experts and decision makers in different fields, in the process of decision making, by highlighting possible futures, possible scenarios and possible outcomes in  correlation  to  the existence of different variables (key-drivers).

    Student research activities are also stimulated. Furthermore, as the Module’s work programme will engage students in research activities, it will provide a suitable basis for their enrolment in doctoral studies.


    November 12th, 2020 – Opening on-line Module Conference (link)

    June 14th – 17th, 2020 – On-line Summer School Strategic communication in EU Security Governance (in Romanian Comunicare Strategică, Guvernanță si Securitate în Uniunea Europeană)

    May 6th, 2022 – MA round-table debate – European security governance process: where from and what next! Agenda is available here.


    The on-line summer course (June, 2022; June, 2023)

    PhD round-table debates (March-May, 2022)

    Closing Module Conference (2023)


    EUSEGOV project card accessible on -plus/projects/eplus -project- details/#project/621227 -EPP-1-2020-1-RO-EPPJMO-MODULE

    EUSEGOV project presentation in Focus Academic, RISR, no. 24,  December 2020, p. 178-179, -intelligence -studies-review-risr-no- 24-2020/ and -detail?id=320


    Newsletter no. 1

    Volume Research results

    Published articles  (link)

    Surdu, Ileana, Alternative scenarios in security and  intelligence  studies: methods of identification and analysis of projection factors. Proposal of a class exercise, Romanian Intelligence Studies Review, no. 24, December 2020, p. 178-179, -intelligence -studies-review-risr-no-24-2020/ and -detail?id=951236

    CONTACT   e-mail:, contact person: Mihaela Teodor

    Acknowledgement – This Project has been carried out with the support of the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union. The content of this Project does not necessarily reflect the position of the European Union, nor does it involve any responsibility on the part of the Europ ean Union.

    Formular feedback Jean Monnet 12 novembre 2020

    Feedback and analysis EUSEGOV – opening conference

    EU-HYBNET - Empowering a Pan-European Network to Counter Hybrid Threats

    Ongoing project

    Agreement no.: 883054

    Period of implementation: May 2020 – April 2025

    Participating organizations:

    Laurea University of Applied Sciences – Finland

    City of Espoo – Finland

    Hybrid CoE – Finland

    Polish Platform for Homeland Security (PPHS) – Poland

    Polish Internal Security Agency – Poland

    University of Tromso (UiT) – Norway

    Norvegian Directorate for Civil Protection – Norway

    Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE) – Sweden

    Center for Security Studies (KEMEA) – Greece

    Satways – Greece

    Implementation of the Lithuanian Cybercrime Centre of Excellence for Training, Research & Education (L3CE) – Lithuania

    Universidad Rey Juan Carlo (URJC) – Spain

    Maldita – Spain

    Local Police of the city of Valence – Spain

    French Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition – France

    Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) – The Netherlands

    Netherlands Ministry of Defense – The Netherlands

    Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore – Italy

    “Mihai Viteazul” National Information Academy (ANIMV) – Romania

    German Central Offica for Information Technology in the Security Sector – Germany

    Competence Center COMTESSA – Germany

    Estonian Information System Authority – Estonia

    Joint Research Centre European Commission (JRC)

    European Organization for Security (EOS)


    Empowering a Pan-European Network to Counter Hybrid Threats” (EU-HYBNET) – is a five year project funded by the European Commission (No. 883054) Horizon 2020 Programme. The EU-HYBNET is a Pan-European network of collaborating security practitioners, stakeholders, academics, industry players, and SME actors across EU, in ever increasing numbers to counter hybrid threats. The project consortium consists of 25 organisations representing 16 European countries.

    The aim of the project is to develop a European network to prepare for, detect and counter hybrid threats. The European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats (Hybrid CoE) located in Helsinki Finland, is the main content provider for the whole project.

    “Mihai Viteazul” National Intelligence Academy, as partner within this project, deals with part of the research process and will also be host of a series of workshops taking place in Bucharest.

    More information can be found on the Project’s website –


    EU-HYBNET project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 883054.

    Kick-off meeting



    THESEUS - Connect the Disconnections - from Disparate Data to Insightful Analysis

    Ongoing project

    Agreement no.: 18-COP-0017

    Period of implementation: October 1st, 2019 – September 30th, 2021

    Participating organisations:

    “Mihai Viteazul” National Information Academy (ANIMV) – Romania

    University of Malta (UoM) – Malta

    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) – Norway

    National University of Political Studies and Public Administration (SNSPA) – Romania


    THESEUS Project aims at Connecting the Disconnections between Disparate Data, in order to provide knowledge for building Insightful Analysis. The broad availability of data has led to increasing interest in methods for extracting useful information and knowledge from data, determining the emergence of new fields of science (e.g. data science). At the same time, big data algorithms have been signaled as a potential leverage that can lead to digital dictatorship if insufficiently understood, poorly handled and unethically regulated. Companies in every industry focused on ways to structure, process and analyze the growing volume and diversity of data so as to streamline decisions and gain a competitive edge. State institutions, regular citizens, social and political science practitioners on the other hand, are not yet properly equipped to properly mitigate the economic, social and political impact of the information technology revolution that awaits us in the decades to come. Therefore, in the process of understanding and mitigating risks and opportunities of Big Data, complex workloads, new skills and competences have to be acquired.

    Following these emerging needs, the objective of the project is to enhance human capital and knowledge base by tackling directly skills and competences required and providing an understanding of the processes guiding big data analytics.

    This objective will be met by building and delivering a course, consisting of four modules, capitalizing on big data methodologies: introductory module, data collection module, data processing module and data analysis module.

    The course will not be designed as a technologically focused course, but rather a knowledge, awareness and understanding focused course.  The course avoids an algorithm-centered approach. It focuses on how options are understood and choices and tradeoffs are designed. Thus, it enhances, through learning by doing, key-competences and skills required in collecting, understanding, correlating and processing big data, helping them streamline problem-solving processes in a data-driven ecosystem.

    The project addresses two professional categories: governance and social scientists and national security practitioners, whose complementary work is of paramount importance in insuring the sustainable development of democracy.

    THESEUS Project is part of the Education, Scholarships, Apprenticeships and Youth Entrepreneurship Programme in Romania, being funded by the EEA Grants – Financial Mechanism 2014-2021.


    Ongoing project

    Grant agreement no. 823683

    Implementation period: January, 2019 – December, 2020

    Participating organizations:




    SYNYO GmbH – Austria







    ARMOUR Project aims to address societal polarization via strengthening resilience of individuals, communities and vulnerable groups (such as children, youth, etc.) to polarisation, and to promote interaction and cooperation between different local actors from public sectors, i.e. law enforcement, social services, etc., that specialise in working with vulnerable groups in preventing extremism through development of cooperation models. The project will design and create a Toolkit for first-line practitioners to employ in reducing polarization among children and youth.

    The Toolkit, capitalizing on previous work carried out by project partners, takes the form of experimental laboratories (experimental labs) which together work towards: strengthening individual capacity to resist push and pull factors of radicalization; creating community empowerment and resilience to social polarization and violent extremism and assisting states deploy proportional responses against provocations and latent conflicts. The model will then be promoted through a social media campaign.

    The expected impact of the project covers the following aspects:

    • Increasing awareness and capacity of first-line practitioners: ARMOUR achieves this through the experimental labs and the related training programme. The first tool will help practitioners better understand and identify instances of radicalization and polarization among children and youth while the second one will help them improve their ability to use the project toolkit.
    • Promoting interaction and cooperation among different stakeholders: ARMOUR achieves this by organizing the experimental labs in which practitioners and members of vulnerable communities have trusted interactions.
    • Promoting the views of moderate voices by engaging with the silent majority and integrating them into the experimental lab.
    • Developing and promoting concrete tools targeting vulnerable groups: the experimental lab combined with the best practices identified in the project and the online campaign are concrete tools which key actors can use when working with vulnerable youth.

    ESSENTIAL – Evolving Security SciencE through Networked Technologies, Information policy and Law

    Ongoing project

    ESSENTIAL – project funded by the Horizon2020 Programme of the European Union

    Period of implementation

    January 1st 2017 – December 31st 2020

    ESSENTIAL is a 4-year European project, with an estimated budget of 3.756.496,68 euro (MVNIA budget – 645.206,04 euro). ESSENTIAL provides an European Joint Doctoral Studies program in the field of intelligence and national security. It aims to train inter-disciplinary security experts and professionals, to tackle security threats in a systematic manner and

    to increase societal resilience and security by addressing in an interdisciplinary manner 15 research topics, each associated with long-standing problems in the field of security science.

    SAFFRON – Semantic Analysis against Foreign Fighters Recruitment Online Networks

    Project completed

    SAFFRON – project co-funded by the Internal Security Fund – Preventing Radicalisation to Terrorism and Violent Extremism

    Period of implementation February

    1st 2016 –January 31st 2018

    Semantic Analysis against Foreign Fighters Recruitment Online Network (SAFFRON) is a 2-year European project (February 2016-January 2018) with a budget of 672 244,62 euro (MVNIA budget – 19.134,70 euro). SAFFRON is cofunded by the Internal Security Fund of the European Union.

    The aim of SAFFRON is to build a system able to support early detection of foreign fighters recruitment by terrorist groups in Europe, with a focus on ISIS and Al-Qaeda. It consists in studying recruitment communication strategies on social media (e.g. narrations, argumentative tropes and myths used), and their evolution in time, as well as identification of needs, values, cultural and social contexts of the target.

    The output of the project is a software tool used by all relevant players to identify in a timely fashion both all internet activities of direct and indirect recruitment of Foreign Fighters and all signals (weak or strong) pointing at radicalization of single individuals.

    CARISMAND - Culture And RISkmanagement in Man-made And Natural Disasters

    Project completed

    Taking into account that risks are rather not „non-objective” but socially and culturally constructed, disaster management observes and uses local cultural aspects, an approach which is not only efficient, but also improves the community’s disaster response capacities.

    CARISMAND aims at identifying these factors, exploring existing gaps and opportunities for improvement of disaster policies and procedures, and developing a complex set of tools enabling professional and voluntary disaster managers adopt culturally-aware practices on a daily basis.

    This can be achieved by approaching the links and gaps among disaster management, culture, and risk perception from a wide multidisciplinary point of view and, simustaneously, by developing feedback between disaster management stakeholders and citizens to establish, test, and redefine solutions for culturally-informed best practices in disaster management. While experts from various fields (especially legal, IT, cognitive sciences, anthropology, psychology, sociology) will provide a comprehensive collation of existing knowledge and structures, Citizen Summits and Stakeholder Assemblies will be organized.

    Systematically, CARISMAND will address natural, man-made, and technical disasters, focussing on specific aspects that affect risk perception by culturally-informed individuals (e.g. disasters caused intentionally or not, hazard “visibility”, various disaster time scales). By organizing summits (Citizen Summits), two per disaster category per year in two different locations where the occurrence of such risks is prominent, and 3 meetings of policy makers (Stakeholder Assemblies), one per year, to discuss the results through a cross-sectional transfer of knowledge between disaster managers from various areas as well as from different cultural backgrounds.

    The project will contribute to the improvement of crisis management capabilities in the case of terrorist attacks or other potential threats to national security.

    CityCOP - Citizen Interaction Technologies Yield Community Policing

    Project completed

    The activity of the community police has received a new impetus with the recent emergence of smartphones and social media, and in particular user generated content (UGC) in which citizens engage in close interaction with the local community and law enforcement agency (LEA). The period 2010 – 2014 witnessed a rapid development of smartphone applications intended to improve the process of crime and other forms of UGC reporting and interaction associated with community policing.

    However, applications are marked by a Anglo-Saxon approach, most of them originating in the United States, Canada and Australia with UK apparently being the only country from the European Union which adopted these technologies. CITYCoP aims at identifying why the European Union seems to be lagging behind, despite the fact that Community Policing has been implemented in several European countries. At the same time, CITYCoP aims at identifying solutions, including a new smartphone application and an online portal that can be used in any European city,  while preserving “local flavor” and  diversity.

    These ICT solutions will be designed from scratch to comply with strict privacy and data  protection laws. A training program, which includes games, will be developed to improve officers and citizens’ training in using both the application and the online  portal.

    CITYCoP will benefit from a multidisciplinary approach which will  include community policing sociology and cognitive science perspectives related to the technological interaction among citizens, the community and LEAs.

    After years of successful  cooperation in European projects on UGC, smart surveillance, and personal privacy (CONSENT, SMART, RESPECT), CITYCoP Partners have developed solutions that would lead to CITYCoP integration into smart ecosystems. CITYCoP will implement multilingual applications for smartphone, portals and packages of games for training workshops in Bucharest (Romania), Lyon (France), Florence (Italy), and Sheffield (UK).

    Through its results, the project will strengthen the partnership with civil society, and increase awareness as an essential component of national security; the citizen is not only the beneficiary, but also the contributor to the achievement of national security related goals.


    Project completed

    Implementation period

    October 1st, 2015 – September 30th, 2017

    Project abstract

    Starting from the assumption that the risk perceived is a complex concept, defined as the possibility that a negative occurrence takes place and whose perception differs from one individual to the next, our research project proposes the use of qualitative research methods (Q sort method) in order to measure and define Romanians’ knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding national security risks. Therefore, the objective of our research consists in the elaboration of solutions for the optimization of the management of security risks and communication strategies for national security institutions, through the analysis and evaluation of social perception over national security risks. REACT project aims to improve the research skills on risk perception of the research team members through their involvement in conducting sociological research in a relatively new field at national level: social risk perception analysis. Having greater knowledge in the field of social risk perception can thus improve the quality and impact of decisions throughout society, and the quality of risk communication strategies. In the same time, the project contributes to the development of the field of risks perception analysis, by training specialists for high level academic research, young experts well-read and highly proficient in risk analysis methods, who can face the new academic challenges.

    The project is developed within the framework of the National Plan for Research, Development and Innovation 2007-2014, Human Resources Program, Young Research Teams Subprogram (PN II-RU-TE-2014-4-1669), regulated by contract no. 335 / 10.01.2015.

    The objective of this research project is to improve national practices used in risk management and risk communication, by supporting experts and security professionals in developing effective communication strategies. The research will help improve national security early warning systems as well as the integration of social perceptions as a work variable into the decision making process.

    The study on national security risks perception and on the measures to corroborate communication of the identified risks will be disseminated to the national intelligence community in Romania in order to improve the projection process for communication strategies.

    Through the research, the project aims at the following outcomes:

    • research paper on Romanian society’s perceptions concerning national security risks
    • participation of project members in national and international conferences in the field of intelligence and security studies, on topics subscribed to the area of the proposed research project
    • dedicated volume with international acknowledgement, published by a nationally recognized publishing house
    • workshop with representatives from four targeted groups: academics, private, civic (NGOs) and public institutions (national security structures and bodies)
    • workshop dedicated to the completion of the REACT project and the launching of the dedicated volume comprising the research results

    The project team is made up of:

    • Dr. Irena Chiru, Project Manager, director of the National Institute for Intelligence Studies of ANIMV, with a PhD in sociology at the University of Bucharest, expert in communication and social perceptions
    • Dr. Nicula Valentin, researcher at the National Institute for Intelligence Studies of ANIMV, with a PhD in Intelligence and National Security at the Doctoral School of ANIMV
    • Dr. Valentin Stoian, researcher at the National Institute for Intelligence Studies of ANIMV, has a PhD in Political Sciences at the Central European University in Budapest, specialist in political science and corruption
    • Dr. Ivan Cristina, researcher at the National Institute for Intelligence Studies of ANIMV, with a PhD at the Doctoral School of Literary and Cultural Studies, University of Bucharest, specialist in applied research of the phenomena of radicalization and terrorism

    Project endorsed by the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation and financed by the Executive Unit for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Financing.


    – Round table March 2016 (agenda and participants list)

    – Round table October 2016 (agenda)


    No. crt. Type Name
    1 Article “Russian Expansionism as a National Security Threat for Romania: Historical Origins”, Revista Română de Studii de Intelligence, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    2 Article ”Communication Strategy and Risk Awareness”, Revista Română de Studii de Intelligence, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    3 Article “Violence transgression and risk perception. Hospitality as a paradigm shift.”, Revista Română de Studii de Intelligence, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    4 Conference presentation SCOPE 2016: Science of politics; 3rd International Interdisciplinary Conference of Political Research, București, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    5 Conference presentation 12th Annual IAFIE Conference, Breda, Olanda, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    6 Conference presentation 12th Annual IAFIE Conference, Breda, Olanda, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    7 Conference presentation Decline or eclipse of democracy in Europe’s New Democracies?, Belgrad, Serbia, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    8 Conference presentation International Conference Intelligence in the Knowledge Society (22nd edition), București, România, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    9 Conference presentation International Conference Intelligence in the Knowledge Society (22nd edition), București, România, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    10 Conference presentation Congresul internațional Mind Over Technology, București, România, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    11 Conference presentation ECREA 2016 – 6th European Communication Conference, Praga, Cehia, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    12 Conference presentation Political Masculinities as Agents of Change Interdisciplinary Conference, Cambridge, Marea Britanie, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    13 Conference presentation Fear, Horror and Terror. Special Focus: (in)Security, Oxford, Marea Britanie, 2016 (Etapa:2)
    14 Book Chapter “Globalized violence and the new sites of contestation”, Fear, Horror, Terror and Insecurity, Inter-Disciplinary.Net, Priory House, Oxfordshire, UK, 2016

    ACTIVITY REPORTS: 2015 and 2016


    This work was supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation CNCS-UEFISCDI Project number PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-1669

    INTELLISEC – Dezvoltarea unui Centru Național de Cercetare în Intelligence şi Securitate

    Project completed

    The National Center for Research in Intelligence and Security – INTELLISEC was developed within the European Union’s national funding Program – Sectoral Operational Programme ”Increase of Economic Competitiveness”, aiming to increase the efficiency of the research activity, as well as enhancing the intelligence processes conducted within public and private institutions, identifying and implementing innovative solutions in intelligence and developing complex intelligence products, that will determine an increase of economic competitiveness. Within the project, MVNIA developed The National Center for Research in Intelligence and Security – INTELLISEC, organized three distinct laboratories (Modeling and simulation in intelligence, Innovative analytical methods, OSINT analysis) that use innovative analytical software.


    Project completed

    OSCINT XXI was co-funded by the European Social Fund  through the SECTORAL OPERATIONAL HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (2007-2013). The project’s goal was to support human resources development and increase competitiveness by correlating lifelong learning processes with labor market demands. As the main beneficiary, “Mihai Viteazul” National Intelligence Academy’s mission was to provide intelligence education and promote innovative knowledge society solutions. It was a new iteration of another OSCINT 2009 project addressed to a group of approximately 1,200 people, lower and higher secondary school teachers, who underwent training in digital and innovative knowledge society solutions.

    ARMLET – Setting-up an Air Marshal Training Centre

    Project completed

    ARMLET was a project funded by the European Commission through the Prevention and Fight against Crime Project – ISEC 2013. The opening conference hosted renowned experts in the field of aviation security from Germany, France, Netherlands, Great Britain, the Czech Republic, the United States of America, Romania, and the Republic of Moldova. The project covered 24 months, between July 2014 and June 2016, and was aimed at strengthening relevant institutions’ operational capacities in the field of fighting against in-flight threats by creating a training center for security officers specialized in this field.